岩性油气藏  2012, Vol.24 Issue (4): 85-89  
基于模型地震反演储层预测技术的应用———以牛圈湖油田西山窑组为例
1.中国石油吐哈油田分公司勘探开发研究院,新疆哈密839009; 2.中国石油吐哈油田分公司工程技术研究院,新疆鄯善838202; 3.中国石油川庆钻探工程有限公司长庆井下技术作业公司,陕西西安710021>
Application of seismic inversion technique based on model to reservoir prediction: A case study from Xishanyao Formation in Niuquanhu Oilfield
1. Research Institute of Exploration and Development, PetroChina Tuha Oilfield Company, Hami 839009, China;2. Research Institute of Engineering and Technology, PetroChina Tuha Oilfield Company, Shanshan 838202, China;3. Changqing Underground Technology Operating Company, PetroChina Chuanqing Drilling EngineeringCompany Ltd., Xi’an 710021, China>

摘要

牛圈湖油田西山窑组(J2 x)属于低孔、低渗、低压的“三低”油藏,储层非均质性强,储层预测尤为重
要。根据测井曲线的对比及交会分析,选择了自然伽马曲线和声波时差曲线来构建具有声波量纲的拟声
波曲线,采用宽带约束模拟退火非线性全局寻优反演方法进行了储层预测。通过3 种测井资料(10% 地
震和90% 测井、30% 地震和70% 测井、50% 地震和50% 测井)约束程度对比,发现使用10% 地震和90%
测井参与程度的反演结果精度最高,表明基于模型的地震反演技术可获得高分辨率的地层波阻抗资料,
并能有效地区分储层与非储层。根据储层预测结果与实钻结果的对比,分析了误差原因和存在的问题。

Abstract

The reservoir ofXishanyao Formation(J2x) in Niuquanhu Oilfield is characterized by lowporosity, lowpermeability,
lowpressure and strongheterogeneity, soreservoir prediction is particularlyimportant. Through contrast and analysis
of well logs, natural gamma ray curve and sonic log curve were selected to build up a sonic-dimensional pseudo-acoustic
curve, and broadband constrained simulated annealing nonlinear global optimization inversion method was applied to
carry out reservoir prediction. Through comparing three degrees of constraint of logging data(① 10% seismic and 90%
logging, ② 30% seismic and 70% logging, ③ 50% seismic and 50% logging), it is found that the inversion result from
using 10% seismic and 90% logging is of the highest accuracy. It shows that using seismic inversion technique based on
model can obtain high-resolution impedance information, and effectively distinguish reservoir fromnon-reservoir. According
to the comparison between predicted and actual drilling results, the error causes and problems were analyzed.

基金资助

中国石油天然气股份有限公司“牛圈湖特低渗低流度复杂油藏有效开发配套技术研究与试验”(编号:2009D-1503-08)项目资助

引用本文

[中文]
徐赢,覃新平,吴迪,陶长州,潘有军,翟亚梅. 基于模型地震反演储层预测技术的应用———以牛圈湖油田西山窑组为例[J]. 岩性油气藏, 2012, 24(4): 85-89.
[英文]
XU Ying1, QIN Xinping1, WU Di2, TAO Changzhou3, PAN Youjun1, ZHAI Yamei1. Application of seismic inversion technique based on model to reservoir prediction: A case study from Xishanyao Formation in Niuquanhu Oilfield[J]. LITHOLOGIC RESER VOIRS, 2012, 24(4): 85-89.
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